ABOUT KVK, KHOWAI (Tripura)

KVK PROFILE:

  • Name of the KVK with address:

KVK, Khowai (Tripura), Divyodaya, P.O. Chebri, District: Khowai, Tripura (INDIA), PIN 799207, Mobile: 9863110550, E. mail:dkvkwesttripura@gmail.com

  • Name of the host/parent institution with address:

Sri Ramakrishna Seva Kendra, 81 Bondel Road, Kolkata- 19, West Bengal (INDIA),

Tel- 03322809579, Fax- 03322809578, E mail- srskcal@yahoo.co.in

 

  • Date of establishment of KVK: 11th May, 1979

A BRIEF DESCRIPTION:

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Khowai (Tripura) popularly known as Divyodaya Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chebri has been working for the farming community since 1979 located at North Chebri village of Khowai district of Tripura, 8 km from district headquarter Khowai and 65 km from state capital Agartala. It has an area of 43.46 hectare for trial and demonstration including administrative building, soil and water testing laboratory, mushroom spawn production laboratory, bio control laboratory, piggery unit, poultry unit, duckery unit, dairy unit, fishery unit, agri-clinic, exhibition hall, audio visual hall, class room, guest house, training hostel, staff quarter, home science unit, library, nursery unit, crop field, IFS model etc. with a satellite centre at state capital Agartala. The different cropping pattern and demonstration units have been developed as per the needs of the district. Over the years, KVK has served a very useful purpose in changing the mindset of farming community for faster development of agriculture in the district.

During this long journey, it has created several mile stone in the district as well as in regional and national level. This KVK has put tremendous effort in popularizing Potato production from TPS; Popularization of HYV (Gomoti,Tripura Chikon,Tripura Nirog) of Paddy through SRI; Popularization of  Soil health cards among the farmers, Dissemination of climate resilient technologies,Entrepreneurship development through Vermicomposting and Honey production,  Food Processing Technologies; Popularization of  INM; IPM; IFS; Popularization HYV of tuber crops like Cococasia, Elephant Foot Yam and Tapioca; formation and management of SHG and Farmers’ Club, Seed Production of Cereals, Oil Seeds and Pulses, Entrepreneurship development through  Mushroom Production, Popularization of High Yielding Maize variety. HQPM, Introduction of Kuroiler, Gramapriya and Swarnadhara birds, Exotic Pigs, Mono and Mixed Culture of Fishes; etc.

Besides the mandated activities; KVK, Khowai (Tripura) has been implementing different central and state government projects like NICRA, NIFTD, NFSM (Paddy, Coarse Cereals and Pulses), NMOOP, IWMP, FLDs under IIVR, TPS Tuberlet Production Programme, skill development trainings under Agriculture Skill Council of India  etc. for greater benefit of the farming community.

In reorganization of these efforts, this KVK has fetched Zonal Best KVK award from Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi during 2011; Best Zonal NICRA KVK, 2017 and received ISO: 9001-2008 Certification during 2015 from United Accrediting Organization, UK and also achieved “Category A” rank evaluation done by NITI Aayog, Govt. of India.

Focus areas of KVK, Khowai:

  • Production technology of cereal, pulses, oil seeds, spices etc.
  • SRI technology.
  • Popularizing Soil health Cards among farmers
  • Production of tuberlets from TPS.
  • TPS production technology.
  • Seed production technology of cereal, pulses, oil seeds and planting material production of vegetable, fruits etc.
  • Package of practices of low volume and high value vegetable crops.
  • Biological control of plant diseases.
  • Mushroom production technology.
  • IDM of late blight disease management of potato and tomato.
  • IPM in rice.
  • Promotion of Apiculture
  • Integrated farming system.
  • Scientific rearing of poultry, piggery, dairy and goatery.
  • Backyard rearing of Kuroiler and piggery etc.
  • Therapeutic diet.
  • Improved fruit and vegetables preservation technology.
  • Child Nutrition and care.
  • Nutritional care for antenatal and postnatal mothers.
  • Facility for cutting and stitching of children’s garments.
  • Composite fish culture.
  • Fish seed production IMC exotic and minor crops.
  • Development of entrepreneurial attitude for self employment.
  • Women empowerment through formation of SHGs.
  • Formation of FC and FPO.

Functional linkage with other organization:

  • ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Tripura centre
  • College of Agriculture, Tripura
  • College of Fisheries, CAU, Tripura
  • of Agriculture, Horticulture, ARD Dept. and Dept. of Fisheries, Govt. of Tripura
  • Horticulture Research Station, Govt. of Tripura
  • DST, Govt. of Tripura
  • NEDFi, Tripura centre
  • Spices Board, Tripura
  • NABARD, Tripura
  • Other KVKs
  • ICAR- IIVR, Varanasi
  • ICAR- IIHR, Bangalore
  • ICAR- CRIDA, Hyderabad
  • MANAGE, Hyderabad
  • ICAR- IGFRI, Jhansi
  • ICAR- CTC RI, Trivandrum
  • PPV and FRA, New Delhi
  • NGOs
  • NERLP

Output, outcome and socio-economic impact of the various programmes and activities of the KVK,Khowai   on farming community

 

SN

Activity/ Technology

Output

Outcome

Socio-economic impact

1.       

True Potato Seed (TPS)   as an alternative method of Potato Cultivation

Measurable indicators of yield* (MT/ha)

Demo: 18

Local: 14

% increase in yield: 28.57

Doubled the farmer’s income with the cultivation of TPS in many adopted villages of Khowai district of Tripura.

Assured sale of produce with expected price, confidence building in economic  gain, increase in area of potato cultivation

2.       

Popularization of Paddy variety Gomoti

Measurable indicators of yield* (MT/ha)

Demo: 58

Local: 45

Duration:

Demo: 135 days

% Increase in yield:

28.88

 

The variety is covering  an area of 5000 ha of the district and covered under state seed distribution plan

The variety is accepted by the farmers because of its good market demand and its medium duration nature helped the farmers to grow second crop after growing paddy.

3.       

Solar Nano Pump   Technology in NICRA Adopted Villages

 

Increase in Cropping Intensity (170% from 116%)   in   the NICRA adopted village through Nano Solar Pump along with introduction of  Climate  Smart   Technologies.

 

Introduction of second crops(Bitter Gourd, Maize) helped in doubled the farmers income at NICRA adopted village

The NICRA adopted village is 90% saturated with the nano pump technology.

4.       

SRI as Water Saving paddy cultivation

Measurable indicators of yield* (q/ha)

Demo: 62

Local: 45

% increase in yield: 37.77

Higher yield obtained with less use of water in a drought prone village.

Large scale adoption at NICRA Village covering 200 ha area in cluster with 83  Nos. of farmers, with  BCR increased to 1.45 from 1.12

5.       

Soil Test Based Nutrient Management and recommendations

Soil Health Cards covering 69 villages benefitting 2467 numbers of farmers

Higher yield obtained with minimum use of chemical fertilizers.

Collection of Soil Samples through Farmers clubs making a greater social impact of soil health cards  at Khowai district of Tripura

6.       

Scientific Mustard production

 

Measurable indicators of yield* (q/ha)

Demo: 10.5

Local: 5.5

% increase in yield: 110

Higher yield obtained with INM and IPM based crop management.

BCR increased to 1.96 from 1.03 with a large scale adoption of 20 Ha in cluster with 46 nos. of farmers. Mustard   were  purchased by Govt of Mizoram,from Khowai district farmers

7.       

Introduction of HYV of Sesamum (Tripura Siphing) under Khowai District condition.

 

Measurable indicators of yield* (q/ha)

Demo: 7.25

Local: 4.75

% increase in yield: 52.6

Higher yield obtained with INM and IPM based crop management.

BCR increased to 1.70 from 1.25 with a large scale adoption of 20 Ha in cluster with 50 nos. of farmers. Sesamum  were  purchased by Govt of Mizoram, from Khowai district farmers

8.       

Introduction of Scientific Lentil cultivation.

Measurable indicators of yield* (q/ha)

Demo: 7.5

Local: 5

% increase in yield:50

Higher yield obtained with INM and IPM based crop management.

BCR increased to 1.60  from 1.40   with a large scale adoption of 10 Ha in cluster with 39  nos. of farmers

9.       

Introduction  Field Pea as Second Crop in paddy-fallow

Measurable indicators of yield* (q/ha)

Demo: 13

Local: 9

% increase in yield:44.4

Higher yield obtained with INM and IPM based crop management.

BCR increased to 1.79   from 1.48   with a large scale adoption of 1 0 Ha in cluster with 38  nos. of farmers

10.   

Introduction of Summer Green Gram Cultivation.

 

Measurable indicators of yield* (q/ha)

Demo: 8.25

Local: 5

% increase in yield:39.39

Higher yield obtained with INM and IPM based crop management.

BCR increased to 2.22   from 1.7   with a large scale adoption of 20 Ha in cluster with 35 nos. of farmers

11.   

Management of fruit fly in Bitter gourd  

Measurable indicators

(% Harvested damage, BCR):

Demo-

 % HD: 18,BCR:3.2

Farmers Practice:

% HD: 58

BCR: 2.5

 

 

 

Reduced Harvested damage as well as increased BCR by adopting the technology.

The technology has spread to 35 ha area. This technology has reduced pesticide use and saved money of farmers. This technology was adopted by about 80 percent cucurbit growers of the village for the management of fruit fly due to its obvious monitory benefit.

 

12.   

Weed control in bitter gourd through Paddy straw mulching

Measurable indicators(Water Use efficiency ,Yield, BCR):

Demo:

Water Use Efficiency: 85%,Yield: 95 q/ha

BCR: 3.04

Farmers Practice:

Water use efficiency:

62%,Yield: 72 q/ha

BCR: 2.23

 

 

The technology found very much suitable in weed control as well as increasing the water use efficiency and increasing yield in bitter gourd.

The technology has spread to an area of 40 ha as a climate resilient technology under NICRA Project

13.   

Cultivation of ginger through Raising Seedling

 

Measurable indicators:

Demo:

Gross Cost(Rs/ha): 88600.00

 

Avg. Yield(qt/ha): 44.50

BCR: 3.9

Conventional (qt/ha) :

Avg Yield: 45

BCR: 2.08

Gross Cost(Rs/ha):

172500.00

 

 

 

 

The technology found to be effective in decreasing the cost of cultivation along with increasing the benefit cost ratio.

The technology has spread 15 ha area of the district.

14.   

Root dipping in SSP-mc Slurry method of P management in transplanted rice growing areas of Khowai district

 

Measurable indicators of yield* (q/ha)

Demo: 62

Local: 51

% increase in yield:21.56

The technology found suitable in increasing the available phosphorus content of the soil as well increasing the yield and BCR.

The technology was found well accepted by the farming community of the district.

15.   

Application   of Lime in improving the yield of Maize

Measurable indicators of yield* (q/ha)

Demo: 52

Local: 44

% increase in yield:30

The technology not only improved the yield but also increased the soil fertility status as well as reduced soil acidity.

The technology has spread to 40 ha area of the district.

16.   

Poultry Farming

Import of improved germplasm and adoption of management

Self employment, availability of protein

Backyard layer farming enhanced more nutritional security achieved

17.   

Scientific pig rearing

Increased rearing of cross bred pigs

Enhanced interest for rearing of high yielding cross bred pigs

Scientific techniques are acquired and loss due to disease is reduced

18.   

Integrated farming

Utilization of house hold resources

Recycling of organic material

Enhancement of farm income throughout the year homogeneously

19.   

Composite fish culture

Expansion of knowledge on scientific fish farming

Self sufficiency in table fish and fingerling  production

More profit leads to horizontal dissemination of technology

20.   

Periphyton based aquaculture

Increase in production and lowering feeding cost

Well adopted

More profit leads to horizontal dissemination of technology

21.   

Disease management in livestock

Knowledge dissemination

Low incidence of disease and management of disease

Reduced mortality and increased animal rearing 

22.   

Value addition

Skill development, locally availability of processed food

Self employment

Locally made post harvest products of vegetable and fruit increased

23.   

PRA

Collection of information regarding village resources, adoption of new village, Planning of new activities

Selection of new villages for adoption, training to undergraduate fishery students

Development of participatory action plan achieved

24.   

KCC

Credit linking

Crop insurance

Financial linking increased

25.   

Veterinary Health & Vaccination camp, Diagnostic visit & Clinic Day

Easy access to clinician at their locality

Low disease incidence, facility to produce quality animal product

Reduction of incidence in zoonotic disease 

26.   

Group Discussion

Knowledge up gradation

Adoption of improved cultivation practice and management

Farmer’s confidence on KVK activities increased

27.   

Publication

Extension literature, popular article, research article,

Farmer’s get solution to local problems

Study of technical writings developed among beneficiaries.

28.   

SHG Convener’s meeting, Ex-trainees sanmelan, Farmer’s seminar etc.

Refreshment of knowledge, exchange of ideas among the farmer’s

Easy adoption of suitable and profitable activities

Group mobilization and functioning become smooth

29.   

Exposure visit

Exposure to suitable scientific activities

Growing interest to adopt advanced scientific technologies

Sharing of agricultural knowledge become suitable

30.   

Sponsored training

Facilitates facilities to the line department and other organisations

Enhances cooperation

Trainees are technically empowered

31.   

Documentation

Readymade collection of information on district, vision and mission

Analysis of ground situation of the district, Farming system etc.

Ready source of information by farmers

32.   

Formation of farmer’s group

Multiplication of information among the members

Adoption of improved cultivation and management

Channelizing financial and technical linkage

33.   

Kisan mela

No. of farmers get exposure to several technologies at a single place

Encouraged to adopt suitable technologies

Technology exhibition is encouraging to farmers

34.   

Credit linkage

Linkage to micro-finance

Improvement in economic status, participation

 

Financial up liftment

35.   

Collaborative programme

Facilitates facilities to line department and other organisation

Enhances cooperation

Integrated development aspect received

36.   

Women empowerment

Economy and social status up gradation, realising their identity at every expect of their life, it enables women to have more access to knowledge, resources, greater autonomy

Participation in decision making, overcome shyness, to talk and act confidently, to break through barriers

Financial access and control of the family 

37.   

Drudgery reduction

Reduced physical stress

Grows more interest to work, low labour requirement

Strengthening of women artisans

38.   

ICT

To take advantage of recent trend of information

More efficient cultivation and management

Prompt delivery of technologies

39.   

Seed and Planting material, Quality livestock and fish seed production

Supply of quality seed and planting material easily

Increased production and cultivation

Quality cultivation and increase in production

40.   

Method demonstration

Practical oriented programme

Learning by doing

Development of confidence for technology

 

 

 

41.   

Library Maintenance

Easy access to information

Lending of library resources

Technical Information spreading

42.   

RWEP to Under graduate Fishery and agriculture students

Exposure to KVK activities

Gathering practical oriented knowledge for future activities.

Vertical technology transfer

43.   

AV Show

Familiarisation to different technologies with A-V aids

Increases adoption and implementation of technologies in the field

Acceptance of KVK programmes increased

44.   

Skill Development Training

Hands on training on Composite fish culture and Bee keeping

Rural youths started fish farming in scientific ways. Bee keeping is added to their farming system

Other rural youths were encouraged after noticing the economic gain by the trainees and communicating with KVK for training

Available Technology options:

Sl. No.

Title of technology

Details of technology

1.       

Weed control in bitter gourd through Paddy straw mulching

 Use straw mulch in bitter gourd is done mainly to conserve residual soil moisture. Through the experiment it is observed that Water use efficiency   is 85%. It is also observed that the flowering stage initiated by 20 days earlier in comparison with control. More vegetative growth is also recorded in case of straw  mulching.  B:C ratio in case of  straw mulching it is 1:2.65  So, we can recommend the farmer to go for straw mulching as for them the previous crop of bitter gourd is rice, So they can use this straw for mulching purpose @ 5 t straw mulch/ha.

 

 

 

 

2.       

Cultivation of ginger through Raising Seedling

 

Treat the selected rhizome with mancozeb (0.3%) and quinalphos (0.075%) for 30 min. At the commencement of season, cut the single buds with small piece of rhizomes weighing 4- 6 g. Treat the single bud sprouts (mancozeb 0.3%, 3 g/L of water for 30 min) before planting fill the pro-trays with nursery (Sand, Soil, Vermicompost @1:1:1) and Trichoderma 10g/kg Plant the ginger bud sprouts in pro-trays seedlings will be ready within 30-35 days for transplanting.

3.       

Root dipping in SSP-mc Slurry method of P management in transplanted rice growing areas of Khowai district

 

Step-I:Root dipping of paddy seedling  in soil-water slurry amended with SSP

Step II: Root dipping of paddy seedling  in soil water slurry amended with MC

Step III: Broadcasting of RP @ 125kg/ha along with 50% Recommended dose of N &K in the main field

 

 

4.       

Soil acidity amelioration practices in groundnut

Furrow application of lime  on the basis of lime requirement calculated as per the pH (10 % of actual LR will be followed)+ FYM 5 t/ha + RD of NPK

5.       

Application   of Lime in improving the yield of Maize

100% NPK+ Furrow application of on the basis of lime requirement calculated as per the pH  (10 % of actual LR will be followed)+ + FYM @ 5 t/ha

6.       

Integrated Nutrient management of Lentil

 75% NPK + 25t FYM + seed inoculation through Rhizobium + soil application of 3 kg PSB ha-1 .

7.       

Application of beneficial  microbes in improving  paddy yield

Application  of  Azosprillium@ 6.25 kg/ha+PSB@6.25  kg/ha

 

8.       

 Rice-pulse/Oil Seeds cropping system for doubling farmers income

T1:Rice (var. Gomoti) – Toria (var. TS-67), T2:Rice (var. Gomoti)-Field Pea(TRCP-8),                   T3:Rice(Gomoti) -Lentil (HUL-57)

 

9.       

Weed Management in Brinjal

 Pendimethalin (@ 1.5 lit/ha): 3-5 Days after transplanting (DAT)+ Hand weeding (HW) 30 Days after    transplanting (DAT)

 

10.   

IPM  against brinjal fruit & shoot borer

Mechanical control + Behavioural control (Pheromone trap 25 nos. /ha) + Botanicals (Nimbicidine 3 ml/lt) + Chemical control (Cartaphydrochloride 1ml/lt.)

(Mechanical control: Clipping of drooped shoots and removal of infested fruits from the field at weekly interval, b) Behavioural control: Installation of pheromone traps @ 75 per hectare, starting from flower bud initiation (45 days old crop) till final harvest and changing the lures at monthly intervals, c) Botanical: Application of nimbecidine 0.03% @ 3-5 ml/lit., d) Chemical control: Cartap Hydrochloride 50SP @ 500-550 g/ha.)

 

11.   

Management of fruit fly in bittergourd

 

Pheromone traps @ 25 trap/ha+ Gur based poison bait trap: 50 ml Malathion + 200 g Gur + 2 litre water.

 

 

12.   

Food bait: a promising tool to manage melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Prepare bait using rotten banana make as 1 kg banana mashed up with 10 g carbofuran, 5 g yeast and 5 g citric acid. Keep the poison baits in plastic plate and cover with another inverted plastic plate maintaining 5 cm gap between the rims of two plate. The traps should be kept suspended with the help of bamboo stick. Applications are to be made at weekly intervals, commencing from 30 days after planting up to the end of the commercial fruit production. In all, 10-12 application of baits may be required per cropping season.

13.   

Storage pest management in paddy

T1=Dol painted with burnt mobil

T2=Gunny bag sprayed with Neem oil @10ml/lt water

 

14.   

Rat control through IPM

Trapping with local made bamboo trap at tillering stage of crop @32traps/ha+Zinc Phosphide poison baiting (2%) @ 10 g per burrow at tillering to PI stage of the crop

 

15.   

Biopesticides against chilli leaf curl

T1: Application of   Nanma @1% (A bio pesticide formulated from Cassava leaf & other ingredients)

T2:Application of Neem oil 0.15 EC @ 0.3%

T3: Application of Sonata @ 0.1%

T4: Alternate spray of T1, T2 and T3

 

16.   

Management of fungal wilt in chilli

i) Seed treatment with TV (1g/10gm of seed) ii) Seedling treatment with TV (1 kg in 2 litres of water for 1000 seedlings) iii) Soil application  with TV (1 kg in 20 kg of well rotten FYM) iv) Regular spray of TV at 15 days interval @ 10g/litre.

17.   

Bagging in banana to avoid the effect of scaring beetle

White polythene, of 40 μm 100 x 60cm size white polythene without perforation, and the lower part of the polythene remain open. (40 μm 100 x 60cm size)

18.   

Preparation of Jackfruit Ready to cook

Select young green jack-fruit. Remove the skin, take out the fruit pieces and cut into uniform pieces (1.2 to 1.8 cm thick). Place the slices in a large (non-metallic) container with brine (8% salts solutionand 0.2%KMS in weigh fruit pieces. It has been observed that in these solutions pieces of tender jackfruits remain as fresh upto 8-12 months.

 

 

19.   

Duck cum fish farming

300 nos. duck/ha, Initial stocking 12000 nos./ha Periodical stocking 8000 nos./ha

20.   

Household pig cum fish farming

 

Initial stocking of fish seed 10000 nos./ ha and periodical stocking 8000 nos. /ha, 30 nos. pig/ha

 

21.   

Improvement of ruminant and non-ruminant productivity by strategic supplementation of nutrients and feed technology

T1: Supplementation of legume fodder to the level of 15% in green grasses

T2: Chopped paddy straw and concentrate based complete mash ration feeding

 

22.   

Composite Fish Culture

Pond Preparation, Filling with water. Liming and manuring: Application of 625 kg of lime/year/ ha water body. Application of Raw Cowdung @ 31250 kg/year. Applicastion of Fertlizer: Urea 450 kg/year, SSP 750 kg/year, MOP 75 kg / Year. Stocking Of Advance fingerlings @ 12500 Nos. Supplementary feeding: Mustard oil cake @ 2500 kg/year, Rice Bran 2500 kg/Year, Dry Fish @312.5 kg.